Rabbi Moshe Ben-Maimon, (also called the Rambam or Maimonides), was considered a giant Jewish mastermind. In the Jewish nomenclature it is "Talmid Hacham", that is approximately like "Philosopher", and one of the greatest Torah scholars of the Middle Ages.
He was born in Cordoba, Spain in 1135, and died in Egypt on 1204. Why he came from Cordoba to Morocco and Egypt?
The Muslims units who wanted to compel people to convert to Islam, called Almohads, conquered Cordoba in 1148, and threatened the Jewish people with the choice of conversion to Islam, death or escape from the land.
Maimonides's family, along with most other Jews of the community chose to go away. That is the historical explanation of his moving from place toplace.
Maimonides had opposition to his interpretation of the Jewish Holly Books as a source of Jewish law and ethics. The critical Rabies had a lot of respect to him during his life. His books became a cornerstone of Jewish scholarship. His main publication is the "Mishneh Torah". It is a fourteen-volume books that clarifies the mystery of the text in the Talmud and translates it to practical statements of Jewish Law.
In the Orthodox Jewish world he is known as "the great eagle" in recognition of his distinguished intellect that enabled him to be a Rabbi who could understand and interpret the Oral Torah.
Maimonides studied and practiced his skills as a physician in Cordoba and in Fes. His reputation made him a famous physician. The kings wanted his service and he became a court physician to the kings: Grand Vizier Alfadil, then to Sultan Saladin.
After the Sultan died the Rabbi remained the physician of the royal family.
In his documents he wrote about many medical conditions such as bronchial asthma, diabetes mellitus, hepatitis, and pneumonia. Maimonides did not mention the symptoms of Meniere disease, except tinnitus. He gave recommendations for prevention of diseases and maintaining a healthy life style. His books and articles became reference documents for generations of physicians. He was knowledgeable about Greek and Persian medicine.
He used some of the principles of Galen, but remained selective about receiving theories from any authority. He used his own analytical observation, the Jewish Holly books and experience.
Modern Medical Approach
Maimonides had a modern approach that can be considered the individual, cultural, civilization and personality of a patient. He showed awareness and respect for the patient's autonomy.
To the best of my knowledge, he is the first physician in human history who wrote about treatment for tinnitus by using skin of Etrog (Citrus medica) boiled in olive oil.
Today there are specialists who claim that it is possible that Auricular Chondritis and Relapsing Polychondritis will cause tinnitus.
Most of the otolaryngologists are focusing on the possibility of a plug (usually cerumen) that blocks the ear canal.